10 Most Overfished Species.
1. Goliath Grouper
The Atlantic Goliath Grouper is an large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs. Is range includes the Florida Keys, The Bahamas, most of the Caibbean, and particularlly all of the Brazilian coast. On some occasions, it is caught in New England off Maine and massachudetts. In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from the Congo to Senegal. The fish is entirely endangered species by the IUCN.
2. Beluga Sturgeon
Beluga caviar is considered a delicacy worldwide. The flesh of the beluga though is not particularly renowned but is hearty white meat similar to that of swordfish. Beluga caviear has long been scarcce and expensive and its endangered status has made its caviar more expensive in worldwide markets outside of the United States. IUCN classified the beluga as critically endangered. It is a protected species and its trading is restricted.
3. Atlantic Halibut
The wild Atlantic halibut was formerly a very important food fish, but due to its slow rate of population growth, it is unable to recover quickly from over-fishing, and the fishery has largely collapsed. Consequently, wild fish labelled as “halibut” are usually one of the other large flatfishes, including Pacific halibut. In 1996 The IUCN rated it as endangered and placed it on the red list. The Atlantic halibut is one of those species about which the U.S Government has some concern regarding its status and threats.
4. Boccachio Rockfish
Recreational and commercial fisheries off the coast of California rely heavily on bocaccio. They are caught by trawl and hook and line. Over-fishing has occurred over the past decade. . Commercial fishermen tend to target bocaccio due to their abundance and longer shelf life. The California Department of Fish and Game has set a regulation limit of 2 bocaccio per day at a minimum length of 10 inches.
Because of over-fishing sharks risk being driven to extinction with less or more 100 million vulnerable sharks are killed each year. Scientists already have warned of their extinction if the killing of sharks are not stopped. The shark fins are good target for fisherman because of its high monetary and cultural value in china. The dish name shark fin soup is a symbol of status in the culture of china.
6. Orange Roughy
The orange roughy is a relatively large deep-sea fish. orange roughly is slow-growing and late to mature, resulting in a very low resilience which makes them extremely susceptible to over-fishing. The flesh is firm with a mild flavor; it is sold skinned and filleted, fresh or frozen. Due to overfishing it’s now become an endangered species.
7. Atlantic Halibut
The wild Atlantic halibut was formerly a very important food fish, but due to its slow rate of population growth, it is unable to recover quickly from over-fishing, and the fishery has largely collapsed. Consequently, wild fish labelled as “halibut” are usually one of the other large flatfishes, including Pacific halibut, In 1996, the IUCN rated it as Endangered and placed it on its Red List. The Atlantic halibut is one of those species about which the U.S. Government has some concerns regarding status and threats.
8. Chilian Sea Bass
Because of overfishing the chilian Sea Bass is endangered too. In the late 1990s to early 2000s, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) for Chilian Sea Bass nearly collapsed some fisheries in the Southern Ocean.
9. Winter skate
Winter skates are typically long-lived, mature slowly and have low fertility. These are the reasons making them vulnerable to fishing pressure. In the U.S Atlantic Winter Skate are moderately abundant. In the seven species of skate, currently the only species that is commercially caught for human consumption. They are sold as imitation scallops, wings and fillets. Winter Skate is one the most endangered species because of overfishing.
10. European ELL
The European eel is a species of eel, a snake-like, catadromous fish. The European eel is a critically endangered species. Contributing factors include overfishing, parasites barriers to migration such as hydroelectric dams, and natural changes in the North Atlantic oscillation, Gulf Stream, and North Atlantic drift.
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